What is Mindfulness? Mindfulness Courses Mindfulness Research
Research Into the Many Benefits of a Mindfulness Practice
Benefits of Mindfulness for Addiction
- Mindfulness helps to reduce alcohol and drug use primarily through helping people to tolerate and accept their urges.
Witkiewitz, Katie, G. Alan Marlatt, and Denise Walker. "Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for alcohol and substance use disorders." Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 19.3 (2005): 211-228.
- Mindfulness based interventions targets pathological mechanisms in the brain linking stress and addiction. Mindfulness, among other improvements, enhances cognitive regulation, decreases conditioned responses, increases cognitive control over cravings and modulates negative emotions.
Garland, Eric, Brett Froeliger, and Matthew Howard. "Mindfulness training targets neurocognitive mechanisms of addiction at the attention-appraisal-emotion interface." Frontiers in psychiatry 4 (2014): 173.
Benefits of Mindfulness for People in the Helping Profession
- Mindfulness processes reduce therapists' stress, increase their overall sense of well-being, and reduce work-site dissatisfaction.
Vilardaga, Roger, et al. "Burnout among the addiction counseling workforce: The differential roles of mindfulness and values-based processes and work-site factors." Journal of substance abuse treatment 40.4 (2011): 323-335.
Benefits of Mindfulness for the Incarcerated
- Female inmates who completed a 7 week meditation program reported fewer sleeping issues, decreased aggression and rage, less stress-related repetitive behaviors, increased feelings of hope, and decreased feelings of rage.
Sumter, Melvina T., Elizabeth Monk-Turner, and Charlie Turner. "The benefits of meditation practice in the correctional setting." Journal of Correctional Health Care 15.1 (2009): 47-57.
- Incarcerated male youth who completed a 10 week meditation and mindfulness program experienced expanded self awareness, increased well-being, and increased self-discipline.
Barnert, Elizabeth S., et al. "Exploring an intensive meditation intervention for incarcerated youth." Child and Adolescent Mental Health 19.1 (2014): 69-73.
Benefits of Mindfulness for People with Mental Health Issues
- Systematic review of psychological studies into mindfulness show participants report small but consistent improvements in anxiety, visceral pain, an improved negative affect, and a reduction in mild to moderate depression on par with the effects of anti-depressants.
Goyal, Madhav, et al. "Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis." JAMA internal medicine174.3 (2014): 357-368.
Benefits of Mindfulness for People with Developmental Disabilities
- 12 studies focused on long term mindfulness interventions for individuals with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities indicated that these interventions consistently reduced aggressive behavior, reduced destructiveness, reduced self-injury, and increased life satisfaction.
A systematic review of mindfulness intervention for individuals with developmental disabilities: Long-term practice and long lasting effects
Hwang, Yoon-Suk, and Patrick Kearney. "A systematic review of mindfulness intervention for individuals with developmental disabilities: Long-term practice and long lasting effects." Research in developmental disabilities 34.1 (2013): 314-326.
Benefits of Mindfulness for "At-Risk" Youth
- A systematic review of 16 studies done with youth with pre-existing mental and physical conditions showed that sitting mindfulness meditation interventions were an effective treatment for physiologic, psychosocial, and behavioral conditions.
Black, David S., Joel Milam, and Steve Sussman. "Sitting-meditation interventions among youth: A review of treatment efficacy." Pediatrics 124.3 (2009): e532-e541.